organisation                                          As our communities become more fragmented and isolated, so our societies become more segregated leading to intolerance and potential violence that it is often socially and politically coerced.

Though London is a fantastically multicultural city, like the rest of the country it suffers from the segregation of communities, and the tribalism inherent in this.

British Jews have migrated to the north of the city, while Bengalis have made a community for themselves in the west end. Distinct Asian communities are found in concentrated areas of London like Southhall, Walthamstow and Hounslow.

In September 2005, Trevor Phillips, warned that Britain was ‘sleepwalking’ to ‘semi-voluntary segregation’ of society. He said: “We are sleepwalking our way to segregation. We are becoming strangers to each other and leaving communities to be marooned outside the mainstream.”

This segregation divides nations and peoples.

In addition to this geographic separation, ‘segregation of the mind,’ reinforced by developments in global communications and the advent of digital broadcasting, creates ‘digital ghettos’ allowing people to remain within a specific community regardless of where they live.

Crime is of course a global concern and immigrants are increasingly becoming involved in gangs and syndicates as they become segregated from wider society because elders may disapprove of their members being involved in interfaith or interracial relations or because they may simply have no other way to make money or obtaining security.

Crime is an ‘act or omission forbidden or punished by law.’ Its causes, perceptions and how it is dealt with are some of the major issues concerning Britain today. The media play an important role in how crime is perceived.

Hate crime, also known as ‘bias motivated crime,’ targets people of a political or social group. These attacks are meant to intimidate the individual as well as the group that the individual represents - Further isolating them from society.

Youth crime creates a culture of fear and damages the lives of the vulnerable. Disenchanted youths who are trapped by this isolation turn to crime because many are under the influence of drugs or alcohol and are subject to abuse or a troubled home life.  Crime is seen as a way out.

Growing crime rates create an atmosphere of fear and this fear is played upon, with the ever-increasing worry of terrorism.  We are constantly bombarded with news of the negative reality of societies continued fragmentation

The United Nations defined terrorism in 1992 as: “An anxiety-inspiring method of repeated violent action, employed by (semi-) clandestine individual, group or state actors, for idiosyncratic, criminal or political reasons, whereby - in contrast to assassination - the direct targets of violence are not the main targets.”

The historic aims of terrorism are to disrupt society and to radicalise the community to which the terrorists belong.

Since the attacks in America of 9/11 and the attacks on London on 7/7
Governments have legislated more and more antiterrorism bills and critics of these measures accuse them of reining the population’s personal freedoms.

The Terrorism Act of 2006 defines terrorism as: “The use of threat of action where the threats is designed to influence the government or to intimidate the public or a section of the public and the use of threat is made for the purpose of advancing a political, religious, or ideological cause.”

It is no doubt that we live in a time that is more diverse, unstable and open to threats than we have ever been before , but it must be born in mind that as governments, agencies and police forces fight for our freedoms, that other innocent parties are apt to suffer along the way.


 

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